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Wednesday, November 18, 2020 | History

3 edition of Glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes found in the catalog.

Glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes

Glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes

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Published by Nova Science Publishers in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radioactive wastes -- Vitrification -- Materials,
  • Ceramic materials,
  • Glass

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. [321]-346) and index.

    StatementD. Caurant ... [et al.].
    ContributionsCaurant, D.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTD898.179 .G53 2009
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 359 p. :
    Number of Pages359
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23906031M
    ISBN 101604561742
    ISBN 109781604561746
    LC Control Number2007044151

    IMMOBILIZATION OF FISSION CERAMIC WASTE FORMS* D. Singh, A. S. Wagh, M. Tlustochowicz, and V. Mandalika Energy Technology Division Argonne National Laboratory Argonne, IL January The submitted manuscript has been created by the University of Chicago as Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ('Argonne')Author: D. Singh, A.S. Wagh, M. Tlustochowicz, V. Mandalika. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Ceramics can be particularly radioactive if some compound of uranium (e.g., uranium oxide, sodium urinate) has been used to impart color (e.g., orange-red, green, yellow, black) to the glaze. It is widely known that uranium was used in the glaze of orange-red Fiesta dinnerware, but uranium glazes have also been used other types of ceramics. Request PDF | On May 1, , Larysa Khomenkova and others published Whether Ge-Rich ZrO 2 and Ge-Rich HfO 2 Materials Have Similar Reaction on Annealing Treatment? | .


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Glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes Download PDF EPUB FB2

The reprocessing of nuclear spent fuel generates highly radioactive liquid wastes (HLW) that must be isolated from the biosphere in very durable solid matrices. In the first part of this book (Chapters 1 and 2), generalities are presented on the. Similar boundary conditions apply when considering glass-ceramics for the immobilization of nuclear waste via vitrification.

While uncontrolled crystallization in nuclear-waste glasses is problematic, chemically durable glass-ceramics with significantly high waste loadings can be produced with controlled crystallization of by: Click Download or Read Online button to get glasses glass ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes book now.

This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Glasses Glass Ceramics And Ceramics For Immobilization Of Highly Radioactive Nuclear Wastes.

Free Online Library: Glass, glass-ceramics and glasses for immobilization of high-level nuclear wastes.(Brief article, Book review) by "SciTech Book News"; Publishing industry Library and information science Science and technology, general Books Book reviews.

(glasses, ceramics, glass-ceramics) for the immobilization of separated or non- separated wastes. In the second part of this chapter, the characteristics of two. GLASSES, GLASS-CERAMICS AND CERAMICS FOR IMMOBILIZATION OF HIGHLY RADIOACTIVE NUCLEAR Glass-ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes book D.

Caurant*, P. Loiseau, O. Majérus, V. AubinChevaldonnet, I. Bardez and A. Quintas Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris (UMR-CNRS ), Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris (ENSCP, Chimie. As wasteforms for immobilization of lanthanide ion wastes produced by pyro-processing, we fabricated glass-ceramics that contain vitusite crystals.

We investigated the distributions of rare-earth ions in the glass-ceramics and evaluated the chemical durabilities of glass-ceramic wasteforms. Material and methods Cited by: 9. Glasses Glass ceramics and Ceramics for Immobilization of Highly Radioactive Nuclear Wastes Author: Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated Language: Number of Pages: Format Type: PDF, ePub, Mobi Size: 10,97 MB Download: Read Online: Radiation Effects in Crystalline Ceramics for the Immobilization of High-Level Nuclear Waste and Plutonium.

Journal of Materials Research13, Lumpkin, G. Alpha-decay Damage and Aqueous Durability of Actinide Host Phases in Natural Systems. Journal of Nuclear MaterialsGrambow, B.

Nuclear Waste Glasses - How Durable. Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts provides an up-to-date reference source at this critical time, when the need for low carbon energy sources has brought nuclear power back to the forefront, and non-radioactive toxic and hazardous wastes pose an increasing threat to the by: The immobilization of high level radioactive wastes using ceramics and glasses phosphate glasses, glass-ceramics and crystalline ceramics.

Topics covered include The disposal of these highly radioactive waste ma-terials has been described as the AchillesÕ heel of nuclear power [48] because it is diƒcult to convince.

Glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes. New York: Nova Science Publishers, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors /.

The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is Glasses to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass.

It focuses on advanced cementitious materials, geopolymers, glasses, glass composite materials, and ceramics developed and used in nuclear waste immobilization, with the performance of such materials of utmost importance.

The book outlines recent advances in nuclear wasteform materials including glasses, ceramics, cements, and spent nuclear : Neil C.

Hyatt, Michael I. Ojovan. Glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics for immobilization of highly radioactive nuclear wastes. New York: Nova Science Publishers, © (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: D Caurant.

Part Three describes functional glasses and glass-ceramics of non-oxide systems, covering functional chalcogenide and functional halide glasses, glass-ceramics, and functional bulk metallic glasses. The book contains future outlooks and exercises at the end of each chapter, and can be used as a reference for researchers and practitioners in the.

I am recommending to everyone interested to read the book of Prof Donald on glass and ceramic hosts: you will find a wealth of factual data on glasses and ceramics as well as bright ideas and hints for your activities.

Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts: Radioactive, Toxic and Hazardous Wastes. Ian W. Donald. ISBN: Author: Michael Ojovan.

Abstract. Several countries reprocess their nuclear spent fuel using the Purex process to recover U and Pu as MOX fuel.

The high level radioactive waste (HLW) produced during this reprocessing is a complex mixture containing both radioactive (fission products, minor actinides) and non-radioactive by: The safe storage in glass-based materials of both radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous wastes is covered in a single book, making it unique Provides a comprehensive and timely reference source at this critical time in waste management, including an extensive and Price: $   An overview is given of the immobilization of high level radioactive waste (HLW) and surplus materials from a variety of commercial and defence sources employing glass and ceramic hosts.

A number of specific host materials are reviewed, including borosilicate and phosphate glasses, glass-ceramics and crystalline ceramics.

Topics covered include Cited by: Crystalline ceramics are intensively investigated as effective materials in various nuclear energy applications, such as inert matrix and accident tolerant fuels and nuclear waste immobilization.

This paper presents an analysis of the current status of work in this field of material sciences. We have considered inorganic materials characterized by different structures, including simple Cited by: 2.

Immobilization of radioactive materials as a glass-ceramic wasteform Barium aluminosilicate glass-ceramics Barium titanium silicate glass-ceramics Calcium magnesium silicate glass-ceramics Calcium titanium silicate glass-ceramics Basaltic glass-ceramics Zirconolite-based glass-ceramics Alternative silicate-based.

Techniques are being advanced to immobilize radioactive iodine in ceramics or glass at room temperature. Glass produced from a high-level radioactive waste simulant. “Glass is a perfect material for immobilizing the radioactive wastes with excellent chemical durability,” says Ashutosh Goel, who works in the School of Engineering.

radiation effects in ceramics (vitreous and crystalline) during the past decade has been the effect of radiation on nuclear waste forms, e.g.

borosilicate glasses, single and polyphase crystalline ceramics, and the UO, in spent nuclear fuel (Weber and Roberts, ; Matzke. The immobilization of alkali fluoride wastes in phosphate glasses has been proposed. In this study, iron phosphate (IP) glasses and sodium aluminophosphate (NaAlP) glasses were evaluated for the immobilization of simulated radioactive fluoride wastes.

IP and NaAlP glass matrixes were mixed with simulated wastes and reacted in air at Cited by: 2. Microstructural modifications of ceramic waste forms using femtosecond pulse laser D.

Caurant, Glasses, Glass-Ceramics and Ceramics for Immobilization of Highly Radioactive Nuclear Waste (Nova Science Publishers, ).Author: Priyatham Tumurugoti, Braeden M.

Clark, S. Sundaram. Buy Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts: Radioactive, Toxic and Hazardous Wastes by Ian W. Donald (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Rutgers researcher Ashutosh Goel is working on new methods to immobilize radioactive waste in glass and ceramics.

“Glass is a perfect material for immobilizing the radioactive wastes with excellent chemical durability,” said Goel, an assistant professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

Goel is the primary inventor of a new method to immobilize radioactive. immobilizing high-level nuclear wastes in stable solid forms for interim storage or disposition in geologic repositories. The immobilization of high-level nuclear wastes has been an active area of research and development for over 50 years.

Borosilicate glasses and complex ceramic composites have been developed to meet many technical. Calcium-borosilicate glass-ceramics wasteforms to immobilize rare-earth oxide wastes from pyro-processingCited by: @article{osti_, title = {Ceramics in nuclear waste management}, author = {Chikalla, T D and Mendel, J E}, abstractNote = {Seventy-three papers are included, arranged under the following section headings: national programs for the disposal of radioactive wastes, waste from stability and characterization, glass processing, ceramic processing, ceramic and glass.

@article{osti_, title = {Technology of glass and ceramics}, author = {Hlavae, J.}, abstractNote = {This book summarizes the present state of knowledge of the manufacture of glass, ceramics and related materials with regard to traditional as well as to modern materials such as technical glasses, glass-ceramics, non-oxide ceramics, plasma-sprayed coating, etc.

Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) is a technology with wide applicability in consolidating calcined intermediate-level and high-level nuclear waste, especially with wastes that are not able to be readily processed by vitrification at reasonable waste loadings.

The essential process steps during the HIP cycle will be outlined. We have demonstrated the effective consolidation via Cited by: 9.

Immobilisation of high level toxic wastes by vitrification is a well established process that has been studied extensively over last 40 years. A suitable glass host is used to dissolve the high level nuclear waste to form a glassy (vitreous) homogeneous product that can be cast into suitable forms, including large glass blocks.

Nuclear ceramics, ceramic materials employed in the generation of nuclear power and in the disposal of radioactive nuclear wastes.

In their nuclear-related functions, ceramics are of major importance. Since the beginning of nuclear power generation, oxide ceramics, based on the fissionable metals uranium and plutonium, have been made into highly reliable fuel pellets.

In order to retain radioactive elements in the event of water intrusion into the repository, solid waste forms such as ceramic, cement and glass have been an important area in nuclear research. Although nuclear waste is often stored in a container isolated from the environment, waste containment material still governs the retention of active.

Glass-ceramics, with a specific crystalline phase assembly, can combine the advantages of glass and ceramic and avoid their disadvantages. In this study, both cubic-zirconia and zirconolite-based glass-ceramics were obtained by the crystallization of SiO2–CaO–Al2O3–TiO2–ZrO2–Nd2O3–Na2O glass. Results show that all samples Cited by: 5.

3of glass-ceramics from a variety of silicate wastes and will include discussion of processingmethods, properties achieved and potential applications of the products.2 The Glass Crystallisation ProcessThe crystallisation, or devitrification, of glass to form a glass-ceramic is a heterogeneoustransformation and as such consists of two stages.

Research is in progress to incorporate nuclear waste in new matrices with high structural stability, resistance to thermal shock, and high chemical durability.

Interactions with water are important for materials used as a containment matrix for the radio nuclides. It is indispensable to improve their chemical durability to limit the possible release of radioactive chemical species, if the Cited by: 2.

Determining Chemical Durability of Nuclear, Hazardous, and Mixed Waste Glasses and Multiphase Glass Ceramics: The Product Consistency Test (PCT)1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation C; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last Size: KB.

Ceramic waste forms have the highest chemical durability and radiation resistance, and are recommended for HLW and actinide (ACT) immobilization. Most radiation-resistant materials are based on phases with a fluorite-related structure (cubic zirconia-based solid solutions, pyrochlore, zirconolite, murataite).Composed from two symposia conducted at the Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, this new volume details the advances in the state of knowledge in nuclear and waste materials science and technology.

Highlighted are areas of rapid change such as in the application, development, and testing of ceramics and glasses in the nuclear and waste .This article is a review of the published literature on apatite glass-ceramics (GCs).

Topics covered include crystallization mechanisms of the various families of apatite GCs and an update on research and development on apatite GCs for applications in orthopedics, dentistry, optoelectronics, and nuclear waste management.

Most apatite GCs crystallize through a Cited by: 8.